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New species of mysterious bacteria found in the ocean

Photo: Science Alert

It uniquely interacts with nitrogen species and the nitrogen cycle, and lives in a type of bacteriophage.

Researchers at the Chinese Academy of Sciences have discovered samples of previously unknown bacteria. Science Alert writes about it.

The discovery was named Poriferisphaera heterotropicis. This species belongs to a type of bacteria that, although not fully understood, can be found literally all over the world, from lakes to soils.

In addition, according to scientists, they play an important role in the recycling of carbon and nitrogen.

“Most Planctomycetes bacteria are isolated using a nutrient-poor culture medium. Therefore, during the study, we decided to test whether the use of a nutrient-rich medium would allow cultivation and further characterization of its members who are still few- We studied the family. We simulated conditions in the deep sea in the laboratory and found that a new species of bacteria, a strain designated ZRK32, grew faster than in other cultured bacteria and reproduce differently, and have been found to use a budding mechanism in which parent cells develop buds that then become their offspring—a method of reproduction never seen before in Planctomycetes . This may be a sign of the unusual new conditions in which this new species lives,” said study co-author, microbiologist Rikuan Zheng.

The new bacterial species is believed to interact uniquely with nitrogen species and the nitrogen cycle and lives in a type of bacteriophage. The rest helps him process nitrogen.

Photo: Science Alert
A new type of bacteria

Recall that early researchers caught the noise emitted by bacteria.

Unique microorganisms capable of degrading oil found in the Arctic
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Source: korrespondent

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